|Museums in Cyprus|
Museums in Nortn Cyprus are generally extremely inexpensive to visit and really well worth doing so. They represent a staggering array of subjects, from displays of ancient archaeological remains to modern day documentary evidence of the recent past of North Cyprus. If you want to leave Cyprus more educated about its rich history and culture than when you arrived, don't miss the chance to select from this list.
-The Kyrenia Museum Of Folk Art
The Icon Museum
The former Greek Orthodox church of Archangelos Mikhael now houses the Kyrenia icon museum, which is located on the West side of the harbour. The large collection on three levels offers an assortment of 17th to 19th century examples, rescued from unspecified churches in the district.
This ancient form of religious art used to be seen in churches all over Cyprus, and a trip to the icon museum gives a good insight into the skill and craftsmanship of their creators. Sadly, many churches were looted of their icons after 1974, and the icons sold on the international black market for religious art. It is estimated that after 1974, over 20,000 icons and dozens of frescoes were taken from North Cyprus churches by unscrupulous looters and sold on the international art market.
The Icon Museum preserves local icons that were saved, as well as those which have been reclaimed from abroad after this looting, and it is important that these works of art remain protected in their homeland of North Cyprus for future generations to enjoy.
-The Canbulat Tomb & Museum
Initially, the Ottomans tried to dig under the walls, but the Venetians blasted the tunnels, causing their collapse. It is also said that the Venetians placed sharp blades on a turning wheel at the entrance to the bastion to ensure that any attack there would lead the attacker to be cut to pieces.
Legend has it, that in order to stop the wheel and allow the Ottomans through the castle entrance, Canbulat rode his horse into the wheel when allegedly his head was cut off, and he undaunted continued to fight for the next three days with his head under his arm! This apparently motivated the Ottomans to continue the fight and take the castle. In fact, historians believe that what actually went in to the rotating wheel to stop it were simply bales of wool. The date of his actual death is unknown, but there is documentary evidence that he was still alive in March 1572.
Canbulat's tomb was placed in the passageway of the bastion, the name of which was changed from Arsenal to Canbulat in his honour. Supposedly a fig tree grew up alongside his tomb, the fruits of which promoted fertility in any woman who ate them. The building was restored in 1968 and the front section was turned into an Ethnographic and Archaelogical museum.
-The Dungeon And Museum Of Namik Kemal
-The St. Barnabas Icon & Archeology Museum
In 45AD Barnabas returned to his birthplace of Cyprus on a missionary journey, accompanied by his cousin and follower John Mark, and by St, Paul. They managed to impress the Roman governor of the island, Sergius Paulus, to such an extent that he adopted the faith. Cyprus, therefore, became the first country in the world with a Christian ruler.
In 477AD, Bishop Anthemios had a dream in which he saw the location of the long lost grave. After his dream, the Bishop ordered the opening of the tomb. Amazingly they found a body, which was identified as Barnabas by the Gospel of St. Mathew lying on his chest.
The building that we see today dates from the 1750s. Once the centre of the Cyprus Orthodox church, the monastery is still in good condition. Outside the church there is a courtyard, surrounded on three sides by buildings that once housed the monks and pilgrims coming to pray at the monastery.
In 1991, a restoration project was started. The church has been restored and has been turned into a more comprehensive icon museum with the addition of new icons. The garden was redone, and the rooms of the monastery have become an archaeological museum. The monastery of St Barnabas is very important to the Orthodox Church, and is considered a place of pilgrimage. The opening of the border has seen a vast increase in the numbers of visitors to the site, and there are frequent church services held there. June 11th is the saints day, and a special mass and festival was held here till the island was divided in 1974. People would come to the monastery to hear readings from the life of the saint. After a gap of 31 years, this event was reinstated in 2005.
On most days, there is a guide present who will give free guided tours of the monastery and museum.
There are two main areas in the museum. In the study, all the books and belongings used by Dr Kucuk up to his death are displayed. The clinic and pharmacy houses the original furniture used in the patients waiting and treatment room.
-The Museum of Barbarism
This museum will only be of relevance to those who take a special interest in the history of the war in 1974 and the events which predated it. Be warned, the exhibits are graphic, and you will need a strong constitution to view them. There is a memorial erected in the garden of the house which is as far as some visitors go, and we hope that the time will soon come when museums such as this (on both sides of the divide) can be closed, and we can delete this entry from the web site.
However,most people seem to forget that for a number of years, there was effectively a civil war in Cyprus, not helped by a virtually unworkable constitution on independence in 1960. It comes as a surprise that the division of Nicosia into Greek and Turkish areas predates 1974 by many years. In the early 1960s there was effectively ethnic cleansing of the Turkish Cypriots who were encouraged to move into their own areas. Sporadic violence by one faction against another was rife, but came to a head over Christmas 1963.
On the 24th December, Greek Cypriot irregulars forcibly entered the house of Dr Ilhan, who was a Major in the Turkish army, and was on duty that night. The Doctors wife, three children and a neighbour were killed by machine gun fire, and 6 neighbours were seriously injured. The house remains almost as it was found that Christmas.
This is by far the most disturbing museum on the island. The inside of the bathroom where the murders took place was left intact, with captions explaining that the spots on the walls are the actual blood of the four victims. In the other rooms are photographs of other victims of ethnic violence over the years.
All of this was reported in The London Times on the 27th December 1963.
-The Lapidary Museum
During British colonial rule it was known as the Jeffrey Museum. It contains many interesting works of stone and marble. These architectural pieces include insignias, tombs and columns dating from medieval times.
A unique carved stone window, in a Gothic style, with elegant tracery of a style common to cathedrals in the 15th century, now stands opposite the main entrance to the museum. This was moved from the Lusignan Palace in Sarayonu Square, when the British demolished it in 1901 to build the present Law Courts. Sadly, this is the only trace remaining of this Lusignan palace.
Other special features in the museum are a sarcophagus belonging to the Dampierre family, the tombstone of Adam of Antioch, and a marble lion of St Mark, the symbol of the Venetians.. The museum was refurbished and opened to visitors in 2003.
-National Struggle Museum
The first area of the museum covers the period from 1878 to 1955. 1878, when the British took over the island is generally considered to be the start of the Turkish Cypriot struggle. However very little information survives from that period.
The second area covers the period from 1955 to 1974. In 1955, the Greek General Grivas, who had been sent to the island in 1953 to start preparation for Enosis, founded the terrorist organization EOKA. His stated aim was twofold. Firstly to make the British leave the island. Secondly to eliminate the Turks and annex the island to Greece.
The period from 1955 to independence in 1960 was marked by considerable violence, which escalated, coming to a head in December 1963. This prompted the British to set up a buffer zone to try and stop the fighting. This was not particularly successful, and for the next ten years the Turkish Cypriots were gradually moved out of mixed areas into their own enclaves. In this section of the museum you will see a display of hand-made weapons used by the Turkish Resistance Organization (T.M.T.) during the underground years. Also found in this section are portraits depicting those years and the original broadcasting apparatus used by Radio Bayrak to broadcast during the 1963 incidents.
A Greek supported attempted coup in 1974 prompted the intervention of Turkish forces to protect the Turkish Cypriots.
In the display cases of the fourth section can be seen the case in which the plans for the Peace Operation were carried and some belongings retrieved from the Greek Contingent Regiment. In the middle of this section are displayed the banners and emblems of the 10 Standard Bearers.
To the east of the museum are found three domestic-made armoured personnel carriers and to the west a large artillery cannon.
The museum is open to the public, but as it is entered via a military area, entry is only allowed on production of photographic identity.
-The Mevlevi Tekke and Museum of the Whirling Dervishes
The Mevlevi order was founded by the famous mystical poet Rumi. His mystical approach to Islam spread throughout the entire Islamic world. His teachings emphasised the individual souls separation from God during earthly existence, and the power of Divine Love to draw it back to the infinite on death. Rumi stressed music and dance as an expression of this mutual love and yearning, and the Mevlevi order became famous over the centuries for its whirling ceremony. In Cyprus, the Lefkosa Mevlevihane was the centre for such a practice.
Sadly, the Whirling Dervish ceremonies were closed by decree in Turkey in 1925 but the British rule in Cyprus allowed them to continue until 1954. since then, the building has been used initially as a hostel for Turkish children under care, then as the Cyprus Turkish Museum from 1963, exhibiting calligraphy, imperial edicts and weapons as well as costumes of Mevlevi dervishes and tombstones. What remains of the original Tekke is the semahane, where the dervishes performed their dance, and the tombs of the sheiks.
Now more latterly, after extensive repairs to the semahane and the tombs of the sheiks, the Mevlevi Museum was formally opened on the 17th December 2002, with dervishes whirling once again after an interval of over 40 years. This date was the anniversary of the death of Rumi, and as part of the Turkish Cypriot heritage, this ceremony will be performed every year around the 17th December.
-Guzelyurt Archaeology and Nature Museum
-The Icon Museum of Iskele
Most of the 12th century wall paintings have been preserved, restoration starting in 1966. This restoration led to further discoveries in 1967. The Virgin Mary in the apse is a 15th century re-painting, but the Ascension in the vault before it is a mid 12th century composition executed in the style of the time. The paintings in the arch around the south recess are also from the 12th century.
Perhaps the most significant painting is of Christ Pandokrator, which is in the dome. Here you can see a frowning Christ avert his gaze towards a surrounding inscription identifying Him as Overseer of all while angels on bended knees worship all round him.
I'm happy to report that despite North Cyprus's quiet and tranquil image there are still plenty of places to go to be wined, dined, and entertained and where you can join in and sing, dance or just while away the night with a glass in hand.
Pubs and Bars
Just like there is a restaurant in North Cyprus for every night of the year, so it seems there is a bar for every conceivable occasion! From late night bars where you can sit and wallow in beautiful music, to sea front and beach or harbour side bars where you can see and be seen! In fact, the harbour in Kyrenia is an excellent place to start. In the long heady summer months anyone who's anyone and all the rest of us besides like to meander along the pretty horseshoe shaped harbour taking in the sights and sounds and the eclectic mix of eastern and western culture.
If you choose to sit at any one of the bars or restaurants youÃ¢ ll be made to feel most welcome by your congenial and honest hosts. Young girls beware, the harbour side waiters love a pretty face! Thoroughly recommended are Cafe 34 and Boaters Cafe...but that does not mean that when it comes to nightlife in North Cyprus you should avoid any of the venues on the harbour in Kyrenia - quite the contrary...each offers something different to appeal to differing tastes. You have big screen TV bars, quiet cafes, fresh young and lively venues and comfortable restaurants all happily doing business side by side.
Night Jar and Esatto offer something unique venue wise. Night Jar is a well decorated, well run late night cellar bar...opening at 9 in the evening you can sit and enjoy a game of pool or a dance to the sometimes live music until the early hours. Esatto is an open air venue with a river running through it. Its brilliantly located on the main street up from the Ataturk statue on the sea front in Kyrenia for views of passers by and it serves good food and drink day and night.
For good quality food (though not for those on a diet!) and a variety of entertainment thereÃ¢ s Roxanne's which is part of The Rocks Hotel and where they serve a fine mix of good strong cocktails too! Check out the music memorabilia that adorns the walls there!
If youÃ¢ re more of a pub person consider the Castle Pub in Karaoglanoglu for Sky sports and good pub grub, the Villa Swallow in Kyrenia for much the same but with some live music, Karaoke on Fridays and a quiz on Thursdays. Alternatively there are the Cactus Bar or Arc to mention but two more in Kyrenia, and every single hotel and holiday village on the island has a bar that welcomes residents and non residents alike.
In Kyrenia there's the excellent Night Park - located incongruously or cleverly (you decide) right next to the huge main car park right in the centre of Kyrenia. Often featuring the best local DJ talent it's simply the venue where everyone ends up to dance the night away if they haven't already headed out to one of the hotel nightclubs - consider Jasmine Court for example. Or if you want night time beach side entertainment Escape Beach Club and Club Acapulco have stunning private beaches, and a fantastic summer club scene.
One of the best venues for live music is La Habanera - especially on a Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday night when you can seriously chill out to some of the best live jazz music on offer! The venue itself is within the Rocks Hotel - don't feel worried about walking in, residents and non-residents are most welcome. When inside you will be carried away with the pure classy surroundings, the exceptionally polite and professional service and of course, the most mellifluous music.
Many of the pubs and bars also have live music, but usually of the pop and rock or DJ variety. There are a number of good local musicians and bands around and the best place to find out all about what's happening in terms of the nightlife in North Cyprus on a day by day, week by week basis is by checking the listings in Cyprus Today newspaper, Essential Cyprus Magazine or North Cyprus Magazine.
For coverage of all one off main events like the Cyprus Film Festival, Kyrenia Jazz Festival and Bellapais Music Festival, trust About North Cyprus to keep you bang up to date! YouÃ¢ d better bookmark this site now if you' re serious about North Cypus.
North Cyprus is a great place to experience the thrill of paintball for the first time, amongst stunning scenery and greenery. Paintball involves two teams pitted against each other, each trying to capture the others flag while defending their own. You are with a paintball gun, powered by nothing more harmful than CO2 gas, and a supply of paintballs. North Cyprus paintballs are simply round gelatine balls, filled with a non-toxic, water-soluble, bright paint, which burst on impact with a satisfying splat. The paintball gun that fires them shoots at a maximum rate of 300 fps, so they are efficient without being overpowered. North Cyprus paintball companies will also provide you with specially designed safety goggles and masks, and protective clothing. Now you're ready for action!
The object of the game is not only to capture the opposition's flag, but also to dodge their paintballs, and in return splat as many of their players as possible. Any player hit by a paintball is disqualified from the current game, and there is a North Cyprus paintball referee on hand to ensure the rules are adhered to, so everyone is safe and having fun.
On your North Cyprus family holiday, paintball can be an ideal outing with older children. Since success at paintball has nothing whatsoever to do with age or strength, kids can be as effective opponents at parents, and often better too! Paintball games in North Cyprus last between 15 and 30 minutes, so nobody gets too tired out in one game, and if you're still raring to go, you can always join in the next paintball game.
There must be no better way than to see the glories of the North Cyprus countryside than riding the winds on a paraglider. High in the air, the magnificent Northern Cyprus scenery stretches below you like a map, the mountains giving way to fields before you float down to the landing site near a pristine sandy beach.
Highline Air Tours offer tandem paragliding flights, so even total beginners can enjoy the thrill of soaring like a bird. No experience is necessary, full insurance is included in the price of every trip, and every flight is flown with an experienced pilot, who loves to fly! Full instructions of landing and take-off techniques will ensure you enjoy your North Cyprus paragliding experience to the max. The flights take off from 2500 feet above sea level, and tour pilot will tailor your flight to whatever you wish, whether it be a scenic flight over the Northern Cyprus countryside, or an adventurous flight that shows just how exciting the sport of paragliding can be.
Highline Air Tours: www.highlineparagliding.com
All solo pilots flying in Northern Cyprus should team up with an established company, who will give their names to the authorities. You should always fly with a local guide, as it is all too easy to stray accidentally into a military zone. Companies such as Highline offer equipment rental, and also offer up to four flights a day, weather permitting.
Sunsoar paragliding in the UK offer a Post CP thermalling course, to teach you how to ride thermals with ease. The two day holiday in North Cyprus includes accommodation and nine days of potential flying, weather permitting. Take-off is from the St Hilarion area, and the company boast their longest cross-country flight has been a massive 35km! In addition, the landing site is only ten minutes from the hotel they offer very convenient.
Your North Cyprus paragliding company will usually collect you from Kyrenia and take you to the main take-off site just to the west of St Hilarion Castle, and return you to Kyrenia from the landing point. Highline offer three flying sites, Ã¢ Paradise at 2500 feet looking over the coast a Kyrenia, Baba at 2530 feet, which flies through a valley and over the village of Ilgaz, and one on the Karpaz Peninsula, which takes off from a sand dune 100 metres high and lands you on a sandy beach. Bliss!
Flights last about thirty minutes, depending on the quality of the thermals, and who knows, take off by St Hilarion Castle and you may find yourself flying alongside the Cyprus griffon vulture.